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German/Russian Maps

Germans who immigrated to Russia mainly settled in the following areas: Bessarabia, Black Sea, Volga River, Volhynia and Siberia. Here are some maps of these respective areas along with some interesting information of the time periods and villiages.

Bessarabia Maps

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Bessarabia Cities Map

The first 24 villiages (1814-1842) of German emmigrants were called "mother colonies".  Those settlements developed after 1842 were ccalled "daughter  colonies".

 

The original 24 colonies: Borodino, Krasna, Tarutino, Klostitz, Kulm, Wittenburg, Beresina, Leipzig, Neu-Arzis, Neu-Elft, Gnadental, Lichtental, Dennewitz, Friedenstal, Plotzk, and Hoffnungstal.

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 Bessarabia Ethnic Map

A 1919 survey resulted in this ethnic makeup, by group size. Roumanians (known as Moldavians in Russia), Jews, Ucranians [sic], Russians, “Roumaniens who have become Russians or Rutenians,” Germans (Colonists), Gypsies, Bulgarians (Colonists), Lipovenians (Old Believer Russians), Cossacks, Bulgarian-Turkish, Polish, Armenians, and various other nationalities. 

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 Bessarabia German Villages

The pins in Red are German Colonies. There were about 3 million Germans living in Bessarabia in 1919. View the details of these villages at Germans from Russia Settlement Locations.

Black Sea Area Maps

Black Sea Countries

This is broader picture of the Black Sea area. 

Black Sea Cities

These are some of the major cities located along the Black Sea.  Odessa, Ukraine was a key area for many Germans from Russia.. 

Black Sea Mountains

The Carpathian Mountains are to Northwest of the Black Sea. The Caucasus Mountains are due east. 

Volhynia, Ukraine Area Maps

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Ukraine 1919

The Ukrainian War of Independence occured from 1917-1921. This map shows the Russian Military occupied much of the land.

Volhynia (NW Ukraine)

Zhytomyr was one of the major regions within Volhynia. There were lots of German Villages in the Zhytomyr region.

Volga Area Maps

Volga Oblast

Germans who left their homeland to settle in the Volga River valley region did so at the invitation of Russia's Tsar Catherine the Great in 1763. By 1869 the German population in the Volga area exceeded 250,000. 

Volga Region

This map shows where the Volga region is located relative to Siberia and its German settlements

Siberia Area

Siberia General Area

The bigger picture of Siberia.